Tooraj Jamasb and Michael Pollitt
Electricity Sector Liberalisation and Innovation: An Analysis of the UK Patenting Activities
Also published in:
- Jamasb, T. and Pollitt, M. ‘Electricity Sector Liberalisation and Innovation: An Analysis of the UK Patenting Activities’, Research Policy
Abstract: Liberalisation has had a marked effect on innovative activities in the electricity industry. R&D and patenting activities are generally regarded respectively as innovative inputs to and outputs from technological progress. Electricity reforms have resulted in a reduction in R&D spending in the sector. This paper examines the effect of reforms on patenting activity in the UK electricity sector. The results indicate that electricity related patents in non-nuclear and renewable technologies have increased in the post-liberalisation period. We attribute this trend to increased commercialisation of the sector. While this development is positive, we argue that a lasting decline in R&D will in the longer run reduce technological progress in the sector. In order to maintain the pace of innovation, we discuss the need for a framework for innovation systems that is commensurate with the incentive mechanisms of a liberalised sector.
Keywords: Electricity, patent, innovation, technology, liberalisation