Leakage and Instruments to Address Leakage

The issue of leakage of carbon emissions from emission trading schemes to other regions resulting from competitiveness pressures is a crucial political issue underpinning the design of such schemes.  Our research focuses on analysing the scale of such leakage, the potential impacts of competitiveness concerns and the use of instruments such as Border Tax Adjustments to mitigate such concerns.


Estimation of Carbon Costs in the Chemical Sector

Frank Marscheider-Weidemann, Karsten Neuhoff

Estimation of Carbon Costs in the Chemical Sector

03 Dec 2008 | Download | Summary | PDF


Karsten Neuhoff et al

International Cooperation to Limit the Use of Border Adjustment (2008)
Climate Strategies Report

Download | Summary | PDF


A Makipaa, K Neuhoff, R Czarencki, M Mehling, N Meyer-Ohlendorf, S Monjon, P Quiron, U Lenr, C Lutz

Competitive distortions and leakage in a world of different carbon prices: Trade, competitiveness and employment challenges when meeting the post-2012 climate commitments in the European Union (2008)
Published by: Temporary Committee on Climate Change Report: European Parliament

Published July 2008 | Available at europa.eu


Misato Sato, Michael Grubb, Jim Cust, Katie Chan, Anna Korppoo, Pablo Ceppi

Differentiation and Dynamics of Competitiveness Impacts from the EU ETS

EPRG0704 Abstract | Non-Technical Summary | PDF

Also published in:

  • Sato, M. Grubb, M, Cust, J., Chan, K., Korppoo, A., Ceppi, P. (2007).  “Differentiation and dynamics of EU ETS competitiveness impacts”  Climate Strategies

Karsten Neuhoff, Susan Droege

Final Workshop: International Strategies to Address Competitiveness Concerns

Download | Summary | PDF


Jean-Charles Hourcade, Damien Damailly, Karsten Neuhoff, Misato Sato
Contributing authors: Michael Grubb, Felix Matthes, Verena Graichen

Differentiation and Dynamics of EU ETS Industrial Competitiveness Impacts: Final Report (2007)

Download | Summary | PDF


Misato Sato, Michael Grubb, Jim Cust, Anna Korppoo, Katie Chan, Pablo Ceppi

Differentiation and dynamics of competitiveness impacts from the EU ETS (2007)

Published 2007 | Available at climatestrategies.org


Michael Grubb, Karsten Neuhoff

Allocation and Competitiveness in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme: Policy Overview

EPRG0622 Abstract | Non-Technical Summary | PDF

Also published in:

  • Grubb, Michael & Neuhoff, Karsten (2006). “Allocation and Competitiveness in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme: Policy Overview”,  Climate Policy, Volume 6, Issue 1, 2006. pages 7-30

Roland Ismer, Karsten Neuhoff

Border Tax Adjustments: A Feasible way to Support Stringent Emission Trading

EP36 Abstract | Non-Technical Summary | PDF

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